Socioeconomic Development and Deforestation in the Cerrado Biome, Brazil: Spatial Interactions and Heterogeneity

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.54766/rberu.v15i3.792

Palavras-chave:

Deforestation, Economic integration, Socioeconomic Development, Cerrado, Matopiba

Resumo

This paper investigates the relationship between socioeconomic development and deforestation in the Cerrado biome, mainly focusing on the current Brazilian agricultural frontier of Matopiba. More specifically, we search for spatial interactions, heterogeneity, and spatial clusters among the municipalities using the exploratory analysis of spatial data (ESDA). Due to the many possible socioeconomic variables related to deforestation decisions, we create a Socioeconomic Development Index (SDI) that synthesizes all possible influences using factorial analysis from multivariate statistics. We also grouped cluster analysis municipalities with dissimilar deforestation and economic development patterns. The results show that the biome’s economic development and deforestation are spatially concentrated and heterogeneous and are negatively associated for the majority of Cerrado municipalities both in the spatial and cluster analysis, indicating that socioeconomic development may be an inhibitor of deforestation.

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Biografia do Autor

Pedro Henrique Batista de Barros, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG)

Doutorando no Departamento de Economia da Faculdade de Economia e Administração da Universidade de São Paulo (USP/FEA)

Alysson Luiz Stege, Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa

Professor Adjunto do Departamento de Economia da Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa (UEPG)  

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Publicado

2022-09-08

Como Citar

BARROS, P. H. B. de; STEGE, A. L. . Socioeconomic Development and Deforestation in the Cerrado Biome, Brazil: Spatial Interactions and Heterogeneity. Revista Brasileira de Estudos Regionais e Urbanos, [S. l.], v. 15, n. 3, p. 393–415, 2022. DOI: 10.54766/rberu.v15i3.792. Disponível em: https://revistaaber.org.br/rberu/article/view/792. Acesso em: 6 out. 2022.
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